The Invincible class is a class of light aircraft carrier operated by the British Royal Navy. Three ships were constructed, HMS Invincible, HMS Illustrious and HMS Ark Royal. The vessels were built as aviation-capable anti-submarine warfare (ASW) platforms to counter the Cold War North Atlantic Soviet submarine threat, and initially embarked Sea Harrier aircraft and Sea King HAS.1 anti-submarine helicopters. With the cancellation of CVA-01, the three ships became the replacements for the Audacious and Centaur classes, and the Royal Navy’s sole class of aircraft carrier.
Invincible was decommissioned in 2005 and put in reserve in a low state of readiness. She was sold to a Turkish scrapyard in February 2011, and left Portsmouth under tow on 24 March 2011. Pursuant to the Strategic Defence and Security Review, 2010, Ark Royal followed, decommissioning on 13 March 2011. This leaves Illustrious as the sole remaining operational ship, serving as a helicopter carrier since 2011. The three vessels have seen service in a number of locations, including the South Atlantic during the Falklands War, the Adriatic during the Bosnian War, and in the Middle East for the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.
The Albion class landing platform dock (LPD) is the newest type of amphibious assault vessel in the Royal Navy. The class consists of two vessels, HMS Albion and HMS Bulwark, ordered in 1996 to replace the ageing Fearless class. Both ships were built by BAE Systems Marine at the former Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd yard in Barrow-in-Furness. Albion was commissioned in 2003 and Bulwarkin 2004.
Each of the ships has a crew of 325 and can accommodate up to 405 troops. Thirty-one large trucks and thirty-six smaller vehicles and main battle tanks can be carried inside the vehicle deck. To disembark troops and vehicles, the vessels are equipped with eight landing craft.
Robotics is a branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots and computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing, these systems can come in any shape and size depending on what you need them for. These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans, in hazardous or manufacturing processes, or simply just resemble humans. Many of today’s robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
The concept and formation of machines that could operate freely dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow considerably until the 20th century. Throughout history, robotics has been often seen to mimic human behaviour, and often manages tasks in a similar fashion. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as we continue to research, design, and build new robots that serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. Many robots do jobs that are hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, exploring shipwrecks, and mines. The US has started researching into creating a type of robot that can work along side humans in the Armed Forces, by helping in the field.
What do you think of this new development and whether you believe it will work well?
The four ships which form the core of the Royal Navy’s amphibious fleet are helicopter carriers HMS Illustrious and Ocean and assault ships HMS Albion and Bulwark – the latter is also Britain’s flagship. With the exception of Portsmouth-based Illustrious, the amphibious force – which deploys as part of the UK’s Response Force Task Group – is concentrated in Devonport, close to many of the Royal Marines’ assault and raiding units, and the commandos’ training centre in Lympstone.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering authority that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and natural aspects built into an environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and various other buildings. Civil engineering is the oldest engineering authority after military engineering and it was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, surveying, and construction engineering. Civil engineering takes place on all levels: in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
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In total there are 79 commissioned ships in the navy. 19 of the commissioned vessels are major surface combatants (6 guided missile destroyers and 13 frigates) and 11 are nuclear powered submarines (4 ballistic missile submarines and 7 fleet submarines). In addition the Navy possesses an aircraft carrier, a helicopter carrier and 2 landing platform docks.
The 19 ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary are not included in this list or above figures; additionally there are the minor vessels (tugs, etc) of the (now privatised) Marine Services, and training vessels based at the various shore establishments.
Stay tuned for more information on each of the ships….
Here at Forces Recruitment Services North we have hired a new member to help Stewart Stirling along. Chris Baker has been with us for a few weeks and below is a bit of information about who he is and what he did before he started working at Forces Recruitment Services North Birmingham.
I joined the Royal Navy when I was 16 and spent 9 years touring the world on the grey funnel lines. On leaving the Navy I spent a number of years in engineering in a variety of roles such as refrigeration service engineer, car factory worker and finally Fabricator Welder. After being made redundant twice in one year, I decided to change tack and went to Wolverhampton University and gained an Applied Science degree in Physics & Electronics with a view to becoming a Primary School Teacher. Unfortunately I couldn’t afford a further year at Uni to do my PGCE. I literally fell into recruitment when I was up a chimney cleaning it out for a friend when someone tapped me on my foot scaring me half to death as no one else was supposed to be there. It was my friends brother in law, “ I believe you are looking for work at the moment” he said, “ Ever thought about recruitment”. That was almost 15 years ago and I have been in Technical recruitment for the past fourteen and a half years. I had a short break from recruitment working at Maier UK Ltd and Argos (Barton), before joining Forces Recruitment in early March.
We want to say a warm welcome to Chris; he’s a great asset to the team.
Engineers determine the most effective ways to use the basic factors of production –people, machines, materials, information, and energy — to make a product or to provide a service. They are the bridge between management goals and operational performance. They are more concerned with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology than people in other specialties, who generally work more with products or processes. Although most engineers work in manufacturing industries, they may also work in consulting services, healthcare, and communications. To solve organizational, production, and related problems most efficiently, engineers carefully study the product and its requirements, use mathematical methods such as operations research to meet those requirements, and design manufacturing and information systems. They develop management control systems to aid in financial planning and cost analysis and design production planning and control systems to coordinate activities and ensure product quality. They also design or improve systems for the physical distribution of goods and services. Engineers determine which plant location has the best combination of raw materials availability, transportation facilities, and costs. Engineers use computers for simulations and to control various activities and devices, such as assembly lines and robots. They also develop wage and salary administration systems and job evaluation programs. Many engineers move into management positions because the work is closely related.
The work of health and safety engineers is similar to that of industrial engineers in that it deals with the entire production process. Health and safety engineers promote worksite or product safety and health by applying knowledge of industrial processes, as well as mechanical, chemical, and psychological principles. They must be able to anticipate, recognize, and evaluate hazardous conditions as well as develop hazard control methods. They also must be familiar with the application of health and safety regulations.
The engineering-related industries all experienced substantial growth in turnover between 1999 and 2007.
Production industries reported turnover of £632.5m in 2007, a 19% rise since 1999. Manufacturing accounted for £505m of this. Construction enterprises saw turnover increase a huge 76% over the eight year period; the housing boom fuelling it to a massive £196m in 2007. The turnover from technical testing and analysis and R&D on natural science and engineering companies more than doubled to £3.5m and £12.5m respectively, and ‘architectural and engineering activities and related consultancy’ businesses reported £42m turnover in 2007, also having risen by a huge 78% in this period of rapid economic growth.
The MOD’s Enhanced Learning Credits Scheme (ELC) is an initiative to promote lifelong learning amongst members of the Armed Forces. The ELC scheme provides financial support in the form of a single up-front payment in each of a maximum of three separate financial years. You are reminded that ELC funding is only available for pursuit of higher level learning i.e. for courses that result in a nationally recognised qualification at Level three or above on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) (England and Wales), a Level six or above on the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF) or, if pursued overseas, an approved international equivalent qualification.
As such you must ensure that you are able to demonstrate the level of the course to your Education Staff / Single Service Representative when asking them to authorise your claim.
There are several stages to the ELC process. Full information is set out in Joint Service Publications (JSP) 898 Part 4, Chapter 3 – The Enhanced Learning Credit Scheme: The Sponsorship of Service Personnel for Personal Development. Have a look at the claim procedure flow chart Annex A to the JSP.
- First you must register to become a Scheme Member and accrue a sufficient amount of service before you can submit a claim
- Then you must select a relevant course ensuring that it meets the higher level learning criteria (level three or above) and an Approved ELC Provider
- Thirdly, you must complete and submit an ELC claim, approved by an authorised Education Staff if you are in service or your Single Service Representative if you are out of service.
- Finally you must complete your Course Evaluation Form via the website. Further claims cannot be processed until evaluation forms are received for all previous courses (even those still underway).
The Enhanced Learning Credits Administration Service (ELCAS) provide the administrative support for the ELC Scheme. Education Staff and Single Service Representative are responsible for approval of both ELC Application and Claims.